(According to the Hague Convention, 1907, and the Geneva Convention, 1929). From the moment of surrender, German soldiers are regarded as P.S and come under the protection of the Geneva Convention. Accordingly, their military honor is fully respected. S must be taken to assembly points as soon as possible, which are far enough from the danger zone to safeguard their personal security.
S receive the same rations, qualitatively and quantitatively, as members of the Allied armies, and, if sick or wounded, are treated in the same hospitals as Allied troops. Decorations and valuables are to be left with the P. Sleeping quarters, accommodation, bunks and other installations in P. Camps must be equal to those of Allied garrison troops.
According to the Geneva Convention, P. S must not become subject of reprisals nor be exposed to public curiosity. After the end of the war they must be sent home as soon as possible.
Soldiers in the meaning of the Hague Convention (IV, 1907) are: All armed persons, who wear uniforms or any insignias which can be recognized from a distance. To prevent misunderstanding when surrendering, the following procedure is advisable: Lay down arms, take off helmet and belt, raise your hands and wave a handkerchief or this leaflet. By the time the United States entered World War II in December 1941, the British, French and Russians had already printed and dropped a host of surrender leaflets on the German Army. The leaflets were of different sizes, colors, texts, and even the surrender instructions were different. There was no overall guidance, and certainly no uniformity.
This all changed with the arrival of American troops in the United Kingdom and the strong alliance between the U. For the first time the two allied nations worked together to prepare a standardized safe conduct leaflet that would be exactly the same wherever used. The final version of the "passierschein" has been called the most effective single leaflet of the war. It was considered so powerful that in 1944 the Allied Supreme Headquarters issued a directive forbidding reproduction of the safe conduct pass on other leaflets. They wanted to protect the authenticity of the document.
The story of the "passierschein" ("safe conduct pass") for Germany is interesting because of the alleged belief on the part of the Allies that the German officer or soldier would react in a positive way to an official looking document. Therefore, the Americans and British collaborated to produce a fancy official document bearing national seals and signatures that would rival a stock certificate. They produced the leaflets late in the war in various formats with different code numbers. Germans liked things done in an official and formal manner, even in the midst of chaos, catastrophe and defeat. The Allied obliged, and gave the Germans various forms of very official looking'surrender passes.
One is printed in red and has banknote-type engraving which makes it resemble a soap-premium coupon. This safe conduct pass was generally regarded as the most successful leaflet produced by the Psychological Warfare Branch of Supreme Headquarters, Allied Expeditionary Force (SHAEF). Everything about the leaflet was designed to appear authoritative: the format handsomely engraved on good paper in a rich color, has been described as looking like a college diploma.In phrasing Safe-Conducts, Allied leaflet writers considered it essential to expound constantly the good treatment theme and Allied adherence to the Geneva Convention. These promises were printed on the back of the pass.
Sometimes, however, the leaflets seemed to promise so much i. This item is in the category "Collectibles\Militaria\WW II (1939-45)\Original Period Items\United States\Field Gear, Equipment".
The seller is "premierrelics" and is located in this country: US. This item can be shipped worldwide.